Gout, or impaired protein metabolism, has long been considered a disease of kings and aristocrats. After all, only wealthy people could afford to eat so many meat delicacies and wine – products that provoke the disease.
There is an opinion that gout is a disease of the elderly, but this is a fallacy. Middle-aged people are not immune from gout. The risk group includes beer lovers and overweight people. Also, the disease can develop in people who abuse diuretics.
Acute gout attacks can last from three to seven days. After this, the pain subsides, and the person's well-being stabilizes – the disease goes into a chronic stage.
Many experts agree that the onset of a gout attack is inextricably linked to malnutrition. An attack can happen during a festive feast, when a person eats a huge amount of "goodies" in one sitting.
When an attack occurs, painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs are used. But before that, you should definitely consult with your doctor.
Of great importance is nutrition. If the patient adheres to a diet, then attacks may not occur for years. The main thing is to forget about self-medication. At the first symptoms of the disease, you need to contact a rheumatologist.
If the disease is not treated and the diet is not adhered to, gout can become an extremely dangerous disease, and a couple of years after the first attack, irreversible destruction of the kidneys will begin.
To avoid the development of the disease, you should adhere to the strictest diet, excluding everything harmful from the menu, limit the consumption of meat, seafood, soy, beans, peas and lentils. It is also important to observe the drinking regime: drink a sufficient amount of fluid that removes uric acid from the body.
With gout, alcohol is contraindicated. Also, for prevention, it is recommended not to neglect the "fasting days." Try to avoid hefty physical activity. You can check with your doctor for specific recommendations for preventing gout.